Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is the major statue prohibiting sex discrimination in education. It states:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits or, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.
Federal regulations for title IX were issued in 1975 and prohibit discrimination in:
- access to courses and other educational activities
- scholastic intercollegiate, club, or intramural athletics
- physical education
- based on marital or parental status pregnancy
- Since 1975 it has been determined that Title IX applies to education employees, as well as to students, and that sexual harassment is also covered by Title IX as a form of sex discrimination.